Leaders are not created equally, nor do they all possess the same style of leadership. Although every leader has their own way of doing things, there are some common overarching styles that leaders gravitate towards. Different styles of leadership can be extremely effective, but they can also be detrimental to a team. It all depends on the leader’s implementation and whether the style choice is effective in the environment it is being used in. Here’s a list of some of the most common leadership styles along with how they are most effective.
Democratic leadership is one of the most common and effective styles. Leaders who adopt a democratic style, often look to team members for input on decisions, projects, and the way things are done. Ultimately, the leader has the final word, but no decision is made without careful consideration and input from the team. Additionally, democratic leaders often delegate important tasks and extra responsibilities to the team.
Charismatic leadership often focuses on the overall attitude of the team. Through their charisma and approach, they seek growth within the team. The growth directly applies to the attitudes associated with certain tasks or objectives. It takes someone with a lot of charisma and positivity to alter the perception of those they lead. This style of leadership is often necessary to achieve a shift in company morale.
Leaders who take on a coaching style are tasked with the unique situation of monitoring and improving the skills of their team. These leaders are the best at motivating and inspiring others to achieve at their highest level. Given the proper support and training, employees are more likely to actively work on their weaknesses and further develop their skills.
By far the most ineffective style of leadership is an autocratic one. Autocratic leaders solely hold the power of decision making and complete authority over those underneath them. Suggestions from the team are not welcome or encouraged. Rather, everyone is giving instruction and expected to follow it the way it was given.
A transformational leadership style is one focused on growth and positive change. These type of leaders often set lofty goals and have high expectations. They push their teams to do things that were previously thought unachievable. They are able to achieve these goals because employees feel supported and dedicated to doing their best.